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Graphic: An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand 1966.


This information was published in 1966 in An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock. It has not been corrected and will not be updated.

Up-to-date information can be found elsewhere in Te Ara.




Though external trade is of great importance to New Zealand, the country is not powerful enough economically to be able to bargain strongly to protect its interests in overseas markets. It therefore seeks to rely as much as possible on the economic security offered by international agreement and cooperation to supplement the traditional security of its close economic ties with Britain.

The international trade agencies concerned originate in the Charter of the United Nations signed at San Francisco on 26 June 1945. The Preamble to the Charter expresses the determination of the peoples of the United Nations to promote, among other things, social progress and better standards of life, and to that end to employ international machinery for the promotion of the economic and social advancement of all peoples.


John Joseph Bryant, B.A., Trade Officer, Department of Industries and Commerce, Wellington.