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Browse the 1966 Encyclopaedia of New Zealand
Graphic: An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand 1966.


This information was published in 1966 in An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock. It has not been corrected and will not be updated.

Up-to-date information can be found elsewhere in Te Ara.



Land Development

Undeveloped land of 150,000 acres, approximately half under partly milled bush, the remainder under tussock, are located in the upper Waiau, the Hokonui district, and the swamp coastal zone of the Seaward Moss, south-west of Invercargill. The partially developed land, 644,500 acres, is located in addition to the foregoing areas in the Birchwood-Nightcaps and the Otaraia-Waiarikiki districts. The State has acquired 220,769 acres for development, which ranks Southland as the second largest land-development area in the Dominion; but the immature stage of the development schemes, markedly contrasting with the situation in the Central Plateau, is revealed by the low figure for alienations, 2,206 acres. The major scheme is located between Lakes Te Anau and Manapouri, where currently 148,000 acres are undergoing development, the aim being to establish 500–acre farms carrying between 1,000 and 1,500 ewes and replacements and including 30 to 40 run cattle: 4,400 acres are being developed also on the Seaward Moss, where some private development, aided by the Marginal Lands Act, is also occurring.

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