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Browse the 1966 Encyclopaedia of New Zealand
Graphic: An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand 1966.


This information was published in 1966 in An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock. It has not been corrected and will not be updated.

Up-to-date information can be found elsewhere in Te Ara.



Distinctive Pronunciations

Changes in certain large groups of words foreshadow the possible emergence of a distinct form of English. Among these the most important and striking are: the peculiar sound given to long a as in star, already mentioned, the final y or i as ee, citee, historee, also mentioned before; a large number of words in which an English long o, open or closed, becomes a short o, as in jolt, toll, oral, auction (oction), hydrollic, swollen, revolt, controller, trolling (for trout), bolster, knoll, Rolleston.

A large group of words which are pronounced in standard English with the stress on the second syllable or a later syllable are here stressed on the first; examples are LUcerne, ARmagh, MAGazine, ARM-chair, NARRator, MANkind, MIgraine, REsearch, FInance.

In a few words this tendency is reversed and the stress is placed later than in the standard; examples are cuckOO, jubilEE, vaccINE, GeraldINE.

Next Part: Faults in Speech