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Browse the 1966 Encyclopaedia of New Zealand
Graphic: An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand 1966.


This information was published in 1966 in An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock. It has not been corrected and will not be updated.

Up-to-date information can be found elsewhere in Te Ara.



Pests of Man and Stock

Insects troublesome to humans are the common housefly, Musca domestica (L.); some 10 species of mosquitoes of which the commonest is Culex pervigilans (Bergroth); sandflies, Simuliidae, such as Austrosimulium australense (Sch.) and A. ungulatum (Tonn.); the bed bug, Cimex lectularius (L.); flea, Pulex irritans (L.); crab louse, Phthirus pubis (L.); and the lice, Pediculus humanus capitis (De G.) and P. humanus (L.), although the last is said to be almost non-existent.

Pests of stock include the sheep ked, Melophagus ovinus (L.); the louse, Damalinia ovis (Schr.); the blowfly, Lucilia sericata (Mg.); and the biting fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.). Also present are the cattle tick, Haemaphysalis bispinosa (Neum.); the horse bot flies, Gasterophilus intestinalis (De G.) and G. nasalis (L.); the sheep nostril fly, Oestrus ovis (L.); the poultry mite, Dermanyssus gallinae (De G.); and the poultry “scaly leg” mite, Cnemidocoptes mutans (Rob. and Lang).