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Browse the 1966 Encyclopaedia of New Zealand
Graphic: An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand 1966.


This information was published in 1966 in An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock. It has not been corrected and will not be updated.

Up-to-date information can be found elsewhere in Te Ara.



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The nurserymen's organisation, the New Zealand Horticultural Trades Association (Inc.), was founded on 17 March 1904 at Normanby. T. Kirk, the then Director of Horticulture, was one of the prime movers, and this close connection between the association and the Horticulture Division of the Department of Agriculture has been maintained. The Horticultural Seedsmen's Association of New Zealand represents the seed trade, and the New Zealand Society of Professional Floral Artists, all practising florists.

The Royal New Zealand Institute of Horticulture (Inc.) was founded in July 1923 and received its Royal Charter in 1939. It has 2,000 members and grants no more than 40 Associateships of Honour to those who have outstandingly served horticulture. Representatives of State Departments, agricultural colleges, trade and horticultural societies, as well as district nominees, all serve on its Dominion Council. The Institute watches the general interests of horticulture and, by statutory authority, issues, after examination, highly regarded diplomas in horticulture, fruit, and apiculture, and certificates in vegetable growing and school gardening, and the Seedsmen's Certificate.

Specialist or general horticultural societies flourish. The National Rose Society of New Zealand, which is organised on a district basis, has 4,000 members. The Canterbury Horticultural Society has nearly 2,000 members, with affiliated garden clubs. The Auckland Horticultural Council represents about 40 horticultural organisations from Whangarei to Pukekohe. Many of the specialist societies, such as the Rose, Camellia, and Rhododendron Societies, have annual flower shows, conferences, and conventions. More than 400 people may attend these conventions, visiting gardens specialising in these plants and hearing lectures.

by John Paiba Salinger, B.SC.(HORT.)(READING), N.D.H., Horticultural Advisory Officer (Ornamentals), Department of Agriculture, Wellington.

  • Population Census 1956, Vol. IX, “Dwellings and Households”, Department of Statistics (1959)
  • Pioneer Nurserymen of New Zealand, Hale, A. M. (1955).