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Browse the 1966 Encyclopaedia of New Zealand
Graphic: An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand 1966.


This information was published in 1966 in An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock. It has not been corrected and will not be updated.

Up-to-date information can be found elsewhere in Te Ara.



First World War, 1914–18

Members of the First New Zealand Expeditionary Force qualified for up to three medals, the 1914–15 Star being awarded for service in a theatre of operations prior to the end of 1915, the British War Medal, 1914–20, for mobilised service, and the Victory Medal, 1919, for service in a theatre of military operations. Members of the Main Body, First New Zealand Expeditionary Force, received all three medals and, as large numbers were involved, they nicknamed these medals, “Pip, Squeak, and Wilfred” after three animal characters which appeared in a strip cartoon published in a popular English daily paper at that time.