This graph shows the average number of babies born to Māori women from the 1840s to the 2010s. Māori women's fertility rate fell rapidly from the 1960s as the use of contraception – such as the pill – became more common.
Note: the gaps in the graph above reflect gaps in data. Māori fertility rates are estimated until 1961, when official counts began.
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Sources: Ian Pool et al., The New Zealand family from 1840: a demographic history. Auckland: Auckland University Press, 2007, Fig. 2.1;Statistics New Zealand