Story: Intermarriage

James Carroll

James Carroll

Half-Māori, half-Pākehā, all gentleman, James Carroll poses for a studio portrait in 1906. He was then the MP for Waiapu on the East Coast, and the native affairs minister. Carroll's father was an Australian of Irish descent and his mother was an aristocratic Ngāti Kahungunu woman named Tapuke. His first language was Māori and, despite his later opposition to tohunga and to the Kotahitanga movement, he was described as being emphatically, and sometimes passionately, Māori. In a period when most Māori were confined, geographically and politically, to the margins of New Zealand, James Carroll drew on his bicultural background to stand in the centre of national life.

Using this item

Alexander Turnbull Library, Herman John Schmidt Collection (PAColl-3059)
Reference: 1/2-004932-G
Photograph by Hemus and Hannah

Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image.

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How to cite this page:

Angela Wanhalla, 'Intermarriage - Intermarriage in colonial society', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 6 December 2023)

Story by Angela Wanhalla, published 5 May 2011