Kōrero: Empire and Commonwealth

Fighting words

Fighting words

Starting mildly and ending with insults, this news report shows the vehemence responsible government could arouse in mid-19th century New Zealand. The item appeared in the Lyttelton Times and the Otago Witness in 1855, after years of agitation for self-government in the 1840s and 1850s. The fury it directs at Edward Gibbon Wakefield and Colonel Wynyard, and the dismissal of Messrs. Swainson and Co., was prompted by a botched attempt to introduce a limited form of self-government in 1854. William Swainson, New Zealand’s attorney general, had wanted the approval of the British Colonial Office before any form of responsible government was introduced. Although Wynyard, administrator and elected superintendent of Auckland province, shared this feeling, he had appointed a six-person ‘mixed ministry’. Three of its members were elected, while the other three were officials. Within a few months this mixed ministry failed. Wakefield attempted to use the resulting confusion to his own advantage.

Te whakamahi i tēnei tūemi

National Library of New Zealand, Papers Past
Reference: Otago Witness, 14 April, 1855, p.3

Permission of the National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image.

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Te tuhi tohutoro mō tēnei whārangi:

W. David McIntyre, 'Empire and Commonwealth - Government within the empire', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/document/33218/fighting-words (accessed 23 November 2019)

He kōrero nā W. David McIntyre, i tāngia i te 20 Jun 2012