By the mid-19th century Māori had brought about significant change in the original vegetation cover, especially down the east coasts of both islands, where forest had been replaced by tussock grassland. Forest had also been cleared from large areas of the South Auckland and Waikato regions.
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Source: Malcolm McKinnon, ed., Bateman New Zealand historical atlas: ko papatuanuku e takoto nei. Auckland: David Bateman, 1997, plate 12