Attempts to get women playing rugby in New Zealand date back to 1891. However, it was not until the 1980s that this involvement became significant. By the mid-1980s women’s teams in both rugby union and rugby league began emerging in the provinces and the first national women’s rugby team was selected in 1989. The team, now known as the Black Ferns, have won four consecutive world cups.
Māori women have played a significant role in the team’s success. High-profile Māori players have included university lecturer Farah Palmer (Tainui and Ngāti Maniapoto), who captained the Black Ferns to their first three world cup victories, television presenter Melodie Robinson (Ngāi Tahu) and dual rugby/netball international and member of Parliament Louisa Wall (Ngāti Tūwharetoa, Waikato). The Black Ferns do a haka composed by Te Whetū Tipiwai called ‘Ko uhia mai’.
Wahine toa – strong women
Some have suggested that the high proportion of Māori women playing rugby union and league is because, in opposition to a western view of femininity, the Māori view of femininity encompasses courage and physical strength.
In 1995 the Kiwi Ferns, the national women’s rugby league team, was formed. Much like their rugby union counterparts, the Kiwi Ferns have won three consecutive women’s rugby league world cups since the tournament’s inception in 2000.
Māori women have contributed greatly to women’s rugby league, among them former Kiwi Fern and coach of the side in 2012, Lynley Tierney-Mani. The New Zealand Māori women’s team played in the 2005 Women’s Rugby League World Cup and knocked out the Australian team in the semi-finals. The Australians had taken the Māori team lightly and rested players for the game. This meant an all-New Zealand final, with New Zealand Māori playing the Kiwi Ferns.