Story: Whakapapa – genealogy

Whakapapa and whānau terms

This whakapapa (genealogy) gives the terms associated with whānau. At the top is the most senior generation, and the most recent generation is at the bottom. The eldest child of a whānau appears on the left and is known as the mātāmua. The youngest child is on the right and is known as the pōtiki. The elder brother of a boy is his tuakana and a younger brother is his teina. These terms also apply to the same-sex siblings of females. Males can be indicated by (m) for male or (t) for tāne, and women by (w) for woman or wahine.

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How to cite this page:

Rāwiri Taonui, 'Whakapapa – genealogy - What is whakapapa?', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 26 June 2022)

Story by Rāwiri Taonui, published 5 May 2011, updated 1 Jul 2015