Types of Employment
In 25 years from 1936 to 1961 there has been a marked change in the type of work which the Maori does. Because the 1936 and 1961 census have different classifications, it is impossible to draw comparisons in all fields of employment. In 1936, however, 45·29 per cent of Maoris were employed in primary production. That this figure in 1961 had dropped to 21·9 per cent gives some indication of the movement of Maoris from rural into urban areas. Craftsmen are unfortunately classified here, with process workers and labourers, but into this group fall 44·5 per cent of Maoris in the 1961 census.