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Browse the 1966 Encyclopaedia of New Zealand
Graphic: An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand 1966.


This information was published in 1966 in An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock. It has not been corrected and will not be updated.

Up-to-date information can be found elsewhere in Te Ara.



Population Growth

The following statistical summary shows the steady population growth since 1860:

1860 2,611
1864 4,107 (one-third of these in Napier)
1874 9,228 (3,514 in Napier)
1886 24,770 (Napier, 7,677; Hastings, 1,504; Waipawa, 531; Ormondville, 422; Wairoa, 419; Dannevirke, 393)
1911 48,546
1956 102,326
1961 114,470 (Napier, 32,716; Hastings, 32,490)

Thus, of the present total population of the province, more than half are resident in the twin urban areas of Napier and Hastings. Populations of outlying provincial boroughs in 1961 were: Dannevirke, 5,508; Wairoa, 4,403; and Waipukurau, 1,714. A heavy inward migration from other parts of the Dominion was evident from 1880 until 1921, followed by a net loss of people in the two decades 1920–40, with a steady inward movement again since 1945.