Kōrero: Matariki

Whārangi 2. Te ora me te mate

Ngā whakaahua

I ngā wā o nga tūpuna, he tohunga te Māori ki te tātai arorangi hei tohu i te wā, hei tohu i ngā wāhanga o te tau, hei ārahi hoki i ngā haerenga i ngā ara o te moana. Ka whakanohoia he tāngata hei mātaki i a Matariki ka roko marewa i te ata pō. He wā whakamaumahara tēnei i ngā take o te tau kua taha; he wā haumako, he wā hari.

Ka hoki ngā mahara

Haere atu rā e koro ki te paepae o Matariki, o Rehua. Haere atu rā.

I ngā rā o mua ka puta a Matariki, ka tangi te iwi ki ngā mate o te tau kua pahemo. E kī ana tētahi kōrero, kei ngā whetū e iri ana ngā wairua o te hunga kua mene atu kei tua o te ārai. Ka kōrero tēnei kaumātua, a Rangihuna Pire mō te wā i kawea ia e ōna kauheke ki Kaūpokonui i te tonga o Taranaki, ki te mātaki i te putanga mai o Matariki:

Hei ētahi tau ka noho ngā kauheke mō ētahi pō, kia puta rā anō a Matariki. Kātahi ka tao tā rātou hāngī iti. Nō tā rātou kitenga i ngā whetū o Matariki ka tangi ngā kauheke, ka huaina e rātou ngā ingoa o te hunga i mate i te tau. Kātahi ka hukea tā rātou hāngi, kia tae te kakara o ngā kai ki te whakaora i ngā whetū kei te ngenge, kei te makariri. 1

Te whakatō kai

Matariki atua ka eke mai i te rangi e roa,
E whāngainga iho ki te mata o te tau e roa e

Ka whakatō ngā Māori o nehe i ā rātou kai i runga i ngā tohu a Matariki. Ki te mārama te kite atu i ngā whetū o Matariki, he tohu tērā ka mōmona ngā kai; hei te marama o Hepetema ka whakatō i ngā kai. Ki te rehurehu, piripiri te āhua o ngā whetū, he tohu tērā mō te tau mātao, ā, hei te marama o Oketopa rā anō whakatō ai ngā kai.

Ngā rerenga kōrero

He nui ngā kōrero mō Matariki. Ko ‘Matariki kāinga kore’ he kōrero mō te haere mutunga kore a Matariki i te rangi. Mō te nuinga o te tau kei te ngaro a Matariki i āna haere. Ko te marama o Mei anake te wā ka whakatā ia, arā, i te wā ka roku te marama. Ko ‘Matariki ahunga nui’ tētahi anō rerenga kōrero, he tohu ki te nui o te kai i te wā o Matariki. Inā te rerenga kōrero, ‘Ka kitea a Matariki, kua maoka te hinu’, he tohu mō ngā huahua ka mahia i tēnei wā.

Te hauhake

Ngā kai a Matariki, nāna i ao ake ki runga.

Ka puta a Matariki i te mutunga o te hauhake, i te wā e nui ana te kai. He wā hari tēnei ki te Māori - ka hākari, ka hari, ka waiata, ka kanikani rātou hei whakanui i te tau tawhito me te tau hōu. I tua atu, he wā a Matariki mō te tuku manu aute kia rere ki te rangi, e tata ai rātou ki ngā whetū.

Kupu tāpiri
  1. Harry Dansey, ‘Matariki’. Te Ao Hou 61 (December–February 1967/68): 15–16. › Back
Me pēnei te tohu i te whārangi:

Paul Meredith, 'Matariki - Te ora me te mate', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/matariki/page-2 (accessed 26 April 2019)

Story by Paul Meredith, published 12 Jun 2006