Kōrero: Kīngitanga – the Māori King movement

Whārangi 7. Te Ātairangikaahu, 1966–2006, and Tūheitia, 2006–

Ngā whakaahua

He poropiti nā Tāwhiao

He poropiti, he tongi anō nā Kingi Tāwhiao, ‘Kei te haere mai te wa, ka puta mai i taku pito ake, he wahine, he urukehu, mana hei whakatutuki i tenei oranga.’1

Te Whakawahinga

Nō mua tata noa o te nehunga o Korokī ka whakawahia a Piki taiohi nei hei Kuini Te Ātairangikaahu. Ko ia rā te wahine tuatahi hei pane mō Te Kīngitanga, ko ia hoki te kuīni Māori tuatahi. Kua ea te poropiti a Tāwhiao. Ka mau i a ia te ingoa o tōna māmā, Te Ātairangikaahu, ā, ka tere kaingākaunui tana iwi ki a ia ki tana whai-whakaaronui, ki tana hūmārire. I roto i a Waikato ko tō rātou karangatanga ā-ngākau mōna ko ‘The Lady’, ā, ka mau i a ia te taitara Māori: Te Arikinui.

Mō te Iwi Whānui me ngā Tohu

Ko taua āhua tonu o te haere a Te Ātairangikaahu ki ngā hui o te iwi whānui, nāna hoki ngā manuwhiri rangatira i manaaki. I te tau 1970 ka whakahōnoretia ia hei kahurangi, hei ‘Dame’, ka tohua hoki ia ki te Kairangi Hōnore o Te Whare Wānanga o Waikato i te tau 1973. Ko rāua ko Edmund Hillary te tuatahi kia whakaingoatia ki te Order of New Zealand i te tau 1987, ā, nā Te Whare Wānanga o Wikitoria ia i tohu ki te kairangi hōnore o ngā ture i te tau 1999.

I raro i te ārahinga o Te Ātairangikaahu rāua ko tana tungāne atawhai a Robert Te Kotahi Mahuta, ka whakataua rawatia te take o te raupatu. I te tau 1995 ka waitohutia e Tainui–Waikato te whakataunga, ko tā te Karauna he tuku utu ki te iwi, ka $170 million, taea noatia te whakahokinga o ētehi whenua.

Ko Aituā

Nō te matenga o Te Atairangikaahu i te 15 o Ākuata i te tau 2006, kāore he kīngi o tua i a ia mō te roa o te noho ki te torōna, arā, ki te 40 ngā tau. Nō te taenga mai o te tini, o te mano ki tana tangihanga ka kitea te nui o tōna mana, te nui o te kaingākau o te iwi ki a ia, Māori mai, Pākehā mai, tae atu ana ki te tini o ngā rangatira, ngā ariki, ngā mana o rāwāhi.

Ko Kīngi Tūheitia

I te tangihanga o Te Arikinui Dame Te Ātairangikaahu, ka toru ngā tukunga o te pātai nei e te kaumātua o Tainui e Tui Adams: ‘Ko Tuheitia hei Kingi?’ Ka toru ngā whakautu mai a ngā iwi i reira, ‘Ae!’.2 Kāti, ka whakawahia a Tūheitia hei Kīngi Māori tuawhitu. Nā Anaru Tāmihana i whakawahi ki taua paipera tonu rā, nā tana tupuna nā Wiremu Tāmihana i uwhi ki runga ki te pane o Pōtatau i te tau 1859.

Ko Te Kīngitanga i ngā tau 2000

I ngā tau tōmua o te manotau 2000 he whare tūroa Te Kīngitanga. Ko ngā tikanga mauroa pērā me te poukai (he toronga ā-tau e te arikinui ki ngā marae) me te koroneihana (ngā whakanuitanga i te koroneihana) ka haere tonu. Ko Te Kauhanganui (te pāremata o Te Kīngitanga) i haere tonu ki tōna āhua hōu.

I te tau 2015 ko Tūheitia tonu i runga i tōna torōna tapu, e pupuru tonu ana i te hitori me ngā tikanga o Te Kīngitanga.

Kupu tāpiri
  1. I takoto ki Carmen Kirkwood, Te Arikinui and the millennium of Waikato. Ngāruawāhia: Turongo House, 2001. Back
  2. I takoto ki ‘Māori Party co-leader disgusted at claim against Kingitanga.’ http://www.maoriparty.org/index.php?pag=nw&id=1686&p=maori-party-coleader-disgusted-at-claim-against-kingitanga.html (last accessed 30 May 2012). Back
Me pēnei te tohu i te whārangi:

Rahui Papa and Paul Meredith, 'Kīngitanga – the Māori King movement - Te Ātairangikaahu, 1966–2006, and Tūheitia, 2006–', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/kingitanga-the-maori-king-movement/page-7 (accessed 20 October 2019)

Story by Rahui Papa and Paul Meredith, published 20 Jun 2012