Kōrero: Kīngitanga – the Māori King movement

Whārangi 4. Mahuta, 1894–1912

Ngā whakaahua

I ngā rā o mua tata i tōna rironga i a Aituā, nā Tāwhiao, te Kīngi Māori tuarua, ēnei kupu i whākī, ka mārama mai ai ko wai mō muri i a ia hei Kīngi:

Papa te whaitiri, ka puta Uenuku, ka puta Matariki. Ko Mahuta te kingi!1

Ka whakawahia te tama a Tāwhiao, a Mahuta, hei Kīngi Māori e Tupu Taingākawa Te Waharoa, te kaiwhakawahi Kīngi o taua wā.

Ngā Tōrangapū

Ko Mahuta te pane o Te Kauhanganui, me ōna hui. I te rautau 1890 ka whakatata a ia ki Te Kotahitanga (te Pāremata Māori), ahakoa rā, tē taea te whakakotahi. I tētehi hui me Te Kotahitanga i te tau 1895 ka tonoa Te Kīngitanga kia waitohutia te kawenata o Te Kotahitanga. Engari, te kawenata o Te Kīngitanga, nō muri mai i kīia ai ko te kawenata a Mahuta, i waitohutia e te 5,000 tāngata.

I te tau 1898 nā te Mema mō Te Taihauāuru, nā Hēnare Kaihau te Pire Whakakaupapa i Te Kaunihera Māori i kawe ki te Pāremata, i raro i te maru o Mahuta; he huarahi ki te mana Māori motuhake. Tē taea te aha.

Te Kaunihera Ture

He kaha tonu a Mahuta ki te whakatata i te Māori me te Pākehā. I te tau 1903, ka kitea e ia tētehi huarahi ki te whakahau i te kāwanatanga mā te whakaae i te tono a Pirīmia Richard Seddon kia whai wāhi ia ki te Kaunihera Ture me te manatū. Ko tā Seddon mā reira Te Kīngitanga e tautoko i a ia, ā, ka wātea te hoko i te whenua Māori. Ēngari nō te tau 1906, i tētehi o āna whaikōrero ruarua noa ki roto o Pāremata, i kī a Mahuta kia kaua e noho noa iho ki te whakawātea i te whenua Maori hei nōhanga mā te Pākehā. Me whakawātea e te Pāremata he huarahi e taea ai e te Māori te mahi i āna whenua.’2

I a ia i roto o Te Pāremata ka tukua e Mahuta tōna pōtae ki tana teina ki a Te Wherowhero Tāwhiao. Ka mutu i te tau 1910 ka hoki ia ka mau anō ki te pōtae me te tūranga hei Kīngi.

Nā te kaitōrangapu nā Āpirana Ngata ēnei whakaaro mō Mahuta i te tau 1900: Ko te Kīngi o Waikato (a Mahuta) he tangata tūturu ki taua taitara, ā, he tika, māna ngā tūmanako o ngā iwi o Te Kīngitanga e whakaea. He mana tūturu nōna, heoi anō he kaha tonu kit e whaiwhakaaro. Ki a au he kakama, he aro nui ki te kupu tohutohu, he āta korero he whakahangahanga; tērā pea kua āhua haukotia ki tem au ki ngā tikanga o tōna wāhi o Waikato. Ki a au, he kaha ki te whakaara take hei whakaahu whakamua ngā hiahia o tōna iwi, he ngana ki te whakamahi i ngā tūāhuatanga tika o te ao Pākehā hei tautoko i taua whakaahu whakamua mo te iwi.3

Ko Aituā

Ka mate a Kīngi Mahuta i te 9 o Nōema i te tau 1912. Ka hui katoa mai ngā rangatira o Te Motu, ka kōrerotia ko wai mō muri i a Mahuta. Nā ngā rangatira i tohu ko tāna tama ko Te Rata. Ka whakawahia ia i mua tata tonu o te nehunga o Mahuta ki runga o Taupiri.

Kupu tāpiri
  1. I takoto ki 'Performance and Maori customary legal process'. Paper prepared for Symposium on Concepts and Institutions of Polynesian Customary Law, University of Auckland, 12 Oketopa 2004, p. 8. Back
  2. I takoto ki ‘Te Wherowhero, Mahuta Tawhiao Potatau.’ An encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock, originally published in 1966, (last accessed 2 May 2012). Back
  3. Te Ao Hou 18 (Mei 1957), (last accessed 9 May 2012). Back
Me pēnei te tohu i te whārangi:

Rahui Papa and Paul Meredith, 'Kīngitanga – the Māori King movement - Mahuta, 1894–1912', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/kingitanga-the-maori-king-movement/page-4 (accessed 27 June 2019)

Story by Rahui Papa and Paul Meredith, published 20 Jun 2012