Te Whiti-o-Rongomai and Tohu Kākahi (seated, middle left), the leaders of the non-violent resistance community at Parihaka, appear before the resident magistrate's court in New Plymouth, in November 1881. The image is from the Graphic newspaper of London on 28 January 1882. Parihaka was a village based around pan-tribal, non-violent resistance to the confiscation of land that followed the Taranaki wars of the 1860s. Te Whiti and Tohu were arrested after the colonial government sent over 1,500 troops in to break up the Parihaka community. When questions were raised over the legality of the government's procedures, Parliament responded by passing the West Coast Peace Preservation Act 1882. The act included provisions allowing Te Whiti and Tohu to be imprisoned indefinitely.
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