Story: Referendums

New Zealand nationwide referendums, 1911-2016

This timeline shows the nationwide referendums held in New Zealand, from the first on national continuance or prohibition in 1911 to the two-stage referendum on the flag in 2015 and 2016.

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Te Ara – The Encyclopedia of New Zealand

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Sources: Stephen Levine and Nigel S. Roberts, ‘The New Zealand electoral referendum and general election of 1993.’Election Studies 13, no. 3 (September 1994), p. 246; Jonathan Boston and others, New Zealand under MMP: a new politics? Auckland: University of Auckland Press and Bridget Williams Books, 1996, p. 23.

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How to cite this page:

Nigel Roberts, 'Referendums - Representative democracy and referendums', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 19 September 2020)

Story by Nigel Roberts, published 20 Jun 2012, reviewed & revised 30 Aug 2016