Pest control, new products and incentives, 1876–1892

Plant and animal pests By the time provincial governments had been abolished, in 1876, the disadvantages of importing animals and plants were

Part of story: Government and agriculture

The early flax trade

First encounters European explorers visiting New Zealand in the 1700s quickly saw the possible uses of flax. Rope was then in demand for rigging on sailing ships and many other purposes.

Part of story: Flax and flax working

1840s–early 20th century: Māori tradition and the Great Fleet

Māori oral tradition From 1840 there had been many collectors of Māori oral traditions, but these accounts offered no agreement about a

Part of story: Ideas of Māori origins

Canoes of the East Coast

Nuku-tai-memeha, Nukutere and Paikea For Ngāti Porou, the Nuku-tai-memeha of Māui is the foundation canoe. According to tradition it lies upturned

Part of story: Canoe traditions

Personal accounts: 1960–today

Stories from the community The huge plane did nothing to calm my husband’s nerves, but we were together and it was only 11 hours to Los

Part of story: The voyage out

Painting of identity

Social movements from the 1960s, especially feminism and the Māori and Pacific people’s cultural revival, have had a profound impact on New Zealand painting.

Part of story: Painting

Walking for recreation

The last decades of the 19th century saw the rise of walking as outdoor recreation, which created a new use for tracks. This change was due to several factors:

Part of story: Walking tracks

Studying the sea floor and earthquakes

Remote sensing Until the Second World War, geologists studied only the surface of the land. With new technology, they could study deeper rocks on land, and look beneath the sea. To do this

Part of story: Geological exploration

Framework of the traditions

New Zealand’s Māori tribes have a fund of narratives about people and beings who existed long before the arrival of Polynesian settlers by canoe. This collective knowledge is

Part of story: First peoples in Māori tradition

Place names

As Europeans surveyed, acquired and dramatically altered New Zealand’s landscape they replaced older Māori names.

Part of story: Place names

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