Early canoeing

Canoes, kayaks (covered canoes) and rafts are all simple boats propelled by paddles. They are an ideal way to explore New Zealand’s scenic waterways.

Part of story: Canoeing and rafting

Developments after the Second World War

After the Second World War the United States – a comparative latecomer to the field – led the exploration of Antarctica.

Part of story: Antarctica and New Zealand


Traditional Māori painting

Part of story: Painting

History of pets in New Zealand

Useful animals

Part of story: Pets

Early European history

Whalers Tacking off the South Canterbury coast in February 1770, James Cook saw and described the Hunters Hills, but did not land. When whaling began in New Zealand waters, the reefs at

Part of story: South Canterbury region

Voyages of discovery

Antarctica is the coldest, driest, windiest and highest of the world’s seven continents. Snow and ice cover 95% of its area, and the seas that surround it are frozen for much of the year.

Part of story: Antarctica and New Zealand

Glaciers and people

Early exploration It is not known how far Māori ventured onto the upper reaches of glaciers, but they had several words for the snow and ice of high alpine areas, usually including the term huka

Part of story: Glaciers and glaciation

People and mountains

Mountains in the Māori world Rising towards the realms of Ranginui the Sky Father, remote from human settlement, mountains loomed over the Māori

Part of story: Mountains

Early Māori history

Traditional stories: Kupe’s legacy

Part of story: Wellington region

Wellington Harbour

Wellington’s magnificent harbour is a lake-like expanse of sheltered water surrounded by hills, with a narrow entrance to the sea.

Part of story: Wellington places

East to the empty Pacific

The last migrations were to the distant points of Polynesia – Hawaii, Easter Island and New Zealand – and to South America.

Part of story: Pacific migrations