Daily life in Māori communities – te noho a te hapori

Life in Māori villages revolved around acquiring food for the community, whether by growing crops, hunting or gathering.

Part of story: Daily life in Māori communities – te noho a te hapori


Anyone wanting to explore New Zealand’s scenic back country on foot can use a wide range of tracks and huts.

Part of story: Tramping

Expeditions and surveys: 1830s–1870s

Darwin and Dieffenbach Charles Darwin paid a short visit to the Bay of Islands on the Beagle in 1835, and collected a specimen of īnanga (a species of whitebait).

Part of story: European discovery of plants and animals


Samuel Marsden Missionaries were the first group of Europeans who recorded travels in inland New Zealand. The first was the Sydney-based Anglican Samuel Marsden. Like other men of the

Part of story: European exploration

Transforming the landscape

Exploration The English, with their tradition of imperial discovery and exploration, made a major contribution to exploring and documenting the new land from a non-Māori perspective.

Part of story: English

Otago and Southland

As in Canterbury, the first Pākehā

Part of story: European exploration

The East Coast

Pāoa, Kiwa, Awapaka and Hinekau-i-rangi

Part of story: Ngā waewae tapu – Māori exploration

The world’s first seafarers

The Pacific was the first ocean to be explored and settled, and its history is one of voyages. New Zealand, isolated far to the south, was the last substantial land mass to be reached.

Part of story: Pacific migrations

European arrival and settlement

Glimpsed from the sea

Part of story: West Coast region

European discovery of plants and animals

Exquisite and accurate paintings of birds, insects, flowers and other specimens form a lasting record of finds by early naturalists. Several were talented artists, and all were passionate collectors.

Part of story: European discovery of plants and animals

Anthropology and archaeology

Early explorers and missionaries recorded information about Māori culture and practices, and in the late 19th century ‘salvage anthropology’ aimed to preserve cultural information before it was lost.

Part of story: Anthropology and archaeology

Canterbury and the search for a pass

Before organised settlers arrived in 1850, Canterbury was known to only a few European travellers. There were whalers on Banks Peninsula and agriculturalists like the Deans

Part of story: European exploration