Exploration and naming

To name and claim

Part of story: Tapa whenua – naming places

Te Arawa explorers

Ngātoroirangi and Tia Ngātoroirangi and Tia arrived in New Zealand on the Te Arawa canoe, which landed at Maketū in the Bay of Plenty. They went inland, towards the centre of the North

Part of story: Ngā waewae tapu – Māori exploration

The end of exploration

By the mid-1860s, Europeans had penetrated all of New Zealand’s habitable land. All that remained were the least accessible valleys and mountains of the Southern Alps.

Part of story: European exploration

Pacific navigation and exploration

Early theories The first explorers had no maps or navigational instruments, and there has been spirited debate among sailors and scholars as to how they settled the region. Early

Part of story: Pacific migrations

New Zealand Company exploration

Ernst Dieffenbach

Part of story: European exploration

Māori exploration and settlement

Earliest occupation

Part of story: West Coast region

Exploration of the deep

For millennia the deep ocean, beyond human reach, was imagined to be populated with fantastic beasts. The ancient Greek word abyss (meaning bottomless) is used to describe the

Part of story: Deep-sea creatures

Exploring the sea bed

Sampling devices The type of equipment used by New Zealand scientists to sample marine sediment depends on the needs of the survey and the nature of the seabed. Dredges are used to collect rock

Part of story: Sea floor geology

Ngā waewae tapu – Māori exploration

Māori traditions tell of many great journeys of exploration around New Zealand. The earliest arrivals from Polynesia sailed around the coast by canoe.

Part of story: Ngā waewae tapu – Māori exploration

Abel Tasman

Part of story: European ideas about Māori

Early petroleum exploration, 1865–1960

Moturoa field, Taranaki Seepages (places where oil seeps out of the ground) were the first sites that oil drillers targeted in New Zealand.

Part of story: Oil and gas

The opening decades of the 20th century witnessed a surge in Antarctic exploration, as well as in nationalist fervour. There was a race for the South Pole.

Part of story: Antarctica and New Zealand