Te Tiriti o Waitangi, New Zealand’s founding document, was meant to be a partnership between Māori and the British Crown.

Part of story: Treaty of Waitangi

While from the 1980s academic historians re-examined the broad significance of the Treaty of Waitangi, public historians began researching the minute details of how it had been ignored or breached in the past.

Part of story: Public history

Ngāti Whātua and the Treaty of Waitangi

Signing the treaty

Part of story: Ngāti Whātua

Governments breached Te Tiriti o Waitangi almost from the time it was signed in 1840. In the late 20th century many of these breaches were finally acknowledged.

Part of story: Ngā whakataunga tiriti – Treaty of Waitangi settlement process

In the late 20th century judges, the government and the Waitangi Tribunal began to hammer out the principles of Te Tiriti o Waitangi.

Part of story: Principles of the Treaty of Waitangi – ngā mātāpono o te tiriti

Interpretations of Te Tiriti o Waitangi

Māori- and English-language versions The meaning of the treaty in Māori differed from the meaning in English.

Part of story: Treaty of Waitangi

Paihia and Waitangi


Part of story: Northland places