Te whānau tamariki – pregnancy and birth

Māori women traditionally gave birth in specially built shelters.

Part of story: Te whānau tamariki – pregnancy and birth

Ngāti Tūwharetoa

Among the heroes and heroines of Ngāti Tūwharetoa legend are the beautiful mountains and lakes of the central North Island. New Zealand’s biggest lake, Taupō, lies at the heart of the tribe's homeland.

Part of story: Ngāti Tūwharetoa

Te Āti Awa of Taranaki

According to legend, the people of Te Āti Awa have both mortal and immortal origins.

Part of story: Te Āti Awa of Taranaki

Muriwhenua tribes

Muriwhenua means ‘this is the end of the land’. The Muriwhenua tribal territory forms the tail of Māui’s fabled fish, including the northernmost tip of New Zealand – Cape Rēinga.

Part of story: Muriwhenua tribes

Legendary origins of carving

Rukuhia te ata o te whakairo Rukuhia te ata o te wānanga Rukuhia te ata o te wharekura. Whano, whano, hari mai te toki,

Part of story: Whakairo – Māori carving

Māori and sharks

Revered fish Polynesians, the ancestors of Māori, thought of sharks as guardian spirits. Many Hawaiian families had an aumakua, or shark protector.

Part of story: Sharks and rays

Cultural nationalism, 1890 to 1910

From 1890 prosperity and a reforming government encouraged a proud New Zealand nationalism that found expression in sport and overseas military achievement, and also in culture.

Part of story: Arts and the nation


Australasians After the advent of the Liberal government, another public event that helped New Zealanders define themselves was the opportunity of federation with Australia. Many of New

Part of story: The New Zealanders

Early traditions

Myths and legends The districts of Te Tau Ihu (the top of the South Island) are rich in traditions. Sometimes these are local variants of generic Māori stories. For example, accounts of

Part of story: Te Tau Ihu tribes

Attitudes to expatriation

New Zealand ‘legends’

Part of story: Creative and intellectual expatriates

Ngāti Rongomaiwahine

Rongomaiwahine was a woman of very great status, and her descendants are Ngāti Rongomaiwahine.

Part of story: Ngāti Rongomaiwahine