This diagram illustrates the process of the pōwhiri (welcome), showing the steps in order from left to right. Some parts of the process, such as the waerea (protective karakia) and wero (ritual challenge) are optional. The two significant divisions of kawa (protocol) – pāeke and tau utuutu (or utuutu) – are shown in the diagram. In pāeke all the speakers from the tangata whenua (hosts) speak first, followed by all the speakers from the manuhiri (guests). In tau utuutu speakers from the tangata whenua and the manuhiri alternate, beginning and ending with a speaker from the tangata whenua.
Using this item
This item has been provided for private study purposes (such as school projects, family and local history research) and any published reproduction (print or electronic) may infringe copyright law. It is the responsibility of the user of any material to obtain clearance from the copyright holder.
Source: Anne Salmond, Hui: a study of Maori ceremonial gatherings. Auckland: Reed Publishing, 2004, p. 178